Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a type of kidney disease where the filters in your kidneys, called glomeruli, become damaged and scarred. This can cause problems with filtering waste and excess fluids from your blood, leading to symptoms like swelling, high blood pressure, and protein in your urine.
The cause of FSGS is not fully understood, but it can be related to a variety of factors such as genetic predisposition, viral infections, autoimmune disorders, or certain medications.
Symptoms of FSGS can include swelling (edema) in your feet and ankles, high blood pressure, foamy urine, and decreased urine output. However, some people with FSGS may not have any symptoms at all.
To diagnose FSGS, a doctor may perform a kidney biopsy to look at a small sample of kidney tissue under a microscope. Blood and urine tests can also be done to check for signs of kidney damage.
The treatment for FSGS typically involves medications to control blood pressure and reduce protein in the urine, such as ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Immunosuppressive medications, such as corticosteroids or cyclosporine, may also be used to help reduce inflammation and prevent further kidney damage.
The prognosis for FSGS varies depending on the severity of the disease and how well it responds to treatment. In some cases, FSGS can lead to end-stage kidney disease, which may require dialysis or kidney transplantation. In some cases, FSGS can recur after kidney transplantation, although the risk of recurrence varies depending on the underlying cause of FSGS and the type of transplant received.
at Alfa Kidney Care, we provide comprehensive information, accurate diagnosis, and effective treatment options for Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Our experienced team is dedicated to helping patients understand and manage this kidney condition. With our reliable insights and personalized care, we strive to improve the quality of life for individuals affected by FSGS.