What is chronic kidney disease?
A progressive loss of kidney function is a feature of chronic kidney disease, commonly known as chronic kidney failure. Your body may accumulate hazardous amounts of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes if you have advanced chronic kidney disease. Wastes and extra fluid are removed from your blood by your kidneys and passed through your urine.
When chronic kidney disease first develops, you may not have many signs or symptoms.
Kidney failure stages may go unnoticed until it’s already advanced. Chronic kidney disease treatment aims to slow the development of kidney problems, usually by addressing the underlying cause. However, even stopping the cause of kidney damage might not prevent the damage from getting worse. CKD stages from chronic kidney disease or hypertensive kidney disease are fatal without mechanical filtering (dialysis) or a kidney transplant.
Types of Kidney Diseases
- Chronic kidney disease is the most common kidney disease. It frequently results from excessive blood pressure. Because it might put more pressure on the glomeruli, so high blood pressure harms the kidneys. The increasing pressure destroys these veins over time, which leads to a reduction in kidney function. The long-term status of chronic kidney disease does not get better with time.
- Acute kidney disease is another common kidney disease. When your kidneys suddenly cannot filter waste from your blood, you experience acute kidney failure. Dangerous levels of waste may build up when your kidneys lose their filtering capacity, and your blood’s chemical composition may go out of balance. Acute kidney failure, often referred to as acute kidney failure or acute kidney damage, occurs suddenly, typically within a few days. Most cases of acute kidney failure occur in patients who are already hospitalized, particularly in severely ill patients who require intensive care.
Acute Kidney Disease
When your kidneys quit functioning suddenly, you have acute kidney failure or hypertensive kidney disease. Doctors occasionally refer to it as acute kidney failure. It can take hours or days to complete.
Not all acute kidney failure stages or diabetic kidney disease states are irreversible. If you get medical attention quickly away and don’t have any other major health issues, your kidneys should be able to resume normal function.
Your kidneys’ primary function is to filter waste from your blood. They also regulate blood pressure and remove surplus fluid from your blood, which turns into urine. Red blood cells are produced in part by the kidneys. They also activate vitamin D and regulate the type of nutrient known as electrolytes.
Chronic Kidney Disease
Your kidneys are harmed and unable to filter blood as effectively as they should if you have chronic kidney disease (CKD). Because the damage to your kidneys occurs gradually over a lengthy period, the condition is referred to as “chronic.” Your body may accumulate waste because of this harm. Other health issues can also result from CKD stages. The kidneys’ primary function is to filter surplus water and waste from your blood and produce urine. The kidneys balance the salts and minerals that circulate in the blood, including calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium, to keep your body functioning correctly. Additionally, your kidneys produce hormones that keep your bones healthy, regulate blood pressure, and produce red blood cells.
Diseases and conditions that cause various types of chronic kidney disease include:
- Diabetes type 1 and type 2
- Elevated blood pressure
- Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney’s filtration cells
- Interstitial nephritis is an inflammation of the kidney’s tubules and surrounding tissues
- Other hereditary kidney illnesses, such as polycystic kidney disease
- Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract brought on by disorders such as enlargement of the prostate, kidney stones, and certain malignancies
- Vesicoureteral reflux, a condition that causes urine to back up into your kidneys
What are the symptoms?
If kidney damage advances gradually, signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease appear over time. An accumulation of fluid, a build-up of body waste, or electrolyte issues can all be brought on by kidney failure. Loss of kidney function can lead to any of the following depending on its severity:
- reduced appetite
Weakness and weary
- issues with sleep
- urinating sporadically
- reduced mental clarity
- muscle pain
- swelling in the ankles and feet
- Itchy, dry skin
- Hard to regulate high blood pressure (hypertension)
- Breathlessness if pulmonary fluid accumulates
- If fluid accumulates around the heart’s lining, chest discomfort may result.
Hypertensive kidney disease symptoms and signs are frequently vague. They can, therefore, also be brought on by different diseases. You might not experience symptoms until permanent damage has occurred since your kidneys can compensate for reduced function.
If you are looking for the best chronic kidney disease treatment, Alfa Kidney Care Hospital is all you need! The nephrologists of Alfa Kidney Care are renowned for their expertise. You will also get the opportunity to receive the best chronic kidney disease treatment from the renowned Nephrologist & Kidney Transplant Physician Dr. Ravi Bhadania!