It is important for everyone to know the normal colour of their urine. This is because different colours of urine can indicate different things and some colours even indicate the necessity of seeking medical attention. Every human being’s urine is composed of a pigment which makes it a little yellowish. The water content in your body, also known as hydration, dictates the colour of your urine around yellow. This means your urine colour can range from clear to brownish depending upon the water content in your body. Other than this, your urine can also become of different colours due to the presence of certain pigments present in your food. However, sometimes your urine colour can be of the sort which indicates serious illnesses and needs medical attention.
What are the different colours of the urine colour chart?
When you have transparent urine, it means your body is getting more water than needed for hydration. It is good to stay always hydrated but as the famous proverb suggests, “excess of everything is bad”, having much more water in the body than needed may lower your blood pressure for your electrolytes become more dilute than they should be. Moreover, the continuous transparent colour of urine without drinking enough water can indicate towards problems such as; liver related issues and some viral infections
Yellow is the usual shade of urine. There is a pigment in the urine known as urochrome that gives this yellow colour to it. The more you drink water, the more this pigment dilutes and your urine loses the darkness of yellow colour. This natural pigment is made by the body on its own by the degeneration of haemoglobin protein.
Red colour urine
There are many reasons due to which your urine can acquire any of the red colour shades. Firstly, you may take some food items that have red colour pigmentation, such as beetroots. If your body is devoid of the enzyme for the breakdown of such pigments, your urine can become red or pink. Secondly, if you are suffering from some disease, such as kidney stones, your body can develop a symptom known as Hematuria in which the patient passes red blood cells with the urine. Lastly, being on some medications can also make your urine red or pink. These are the three main reasons due to which your urine can turn red or any shade of red in colour.
Tangerine colour urine
When your urine colour becomes light orange or dark tangerine, this means it has acquired a different shade of yellow. As already said, if your body becomes dehydrated, the urine becomes concentrated because of urochrome causing it to look orange in colour. Other than this, certain health issues such as jaundice can also cause the orange colour of urine.
The bluish shade of urine
This urine colour is very unusual and can be caused by a variety of reasons. The most prominent reason is the inclusion of pigmentation in the food items that you are eating. Other than food certain medicines, health issues and medical tests done on you can also cause you to have blue colour of urine.
The dark yellow to brown colour of urine
As seen above in the other categories of colours; dehydration, medication, food items and health conditions can make your urine dark yellow or brown. However, sometimes when you rigorously exercise, you may develop a temporary condition known as exertion Hematuria due to which the colour of urine turns brownish.
If you are experiencing your urine being foggy, you must not avoid it as it can indicate a certain state of your body for which medical attention is necessary. Mostly cloudy urine is a symptom of some kidney-related diseases among which chronic diseases are the most common. In some cases foggy urine can be a normal indication of being dehydrated too but one should never take a chance of that risk. Doctors suggest that foggy or cloudy urine is a very bad sign in pregnancy and must be addressed as soon as possible.
As advised by medical studies, if you are seeing your urine colour to be red or orange, you must seek medical attention and both of these can be symptoms of some alarming health issues. Usually, difference in urine colour is due to the variation in the content of water in the body. Dehydration is indicated by the dark side of the spectrum.
It is important for everyone to keep the colour of their urine in check and talk to a health care professional in case of inexplicable change in it. To know more about topics related to kidney health and disease, visit the official site of Alfa Kidney Care